**1. What is the primary role of surveying in construction and land management?**

A) Recording the altitude of celestial bodies

B) Establishing relative position and size according to measurement requirements

C) Determining magnetic field variations

D) Measuring atmospheric conditions

**B) Establishing relative position and size according to measurement requirements**

**2. ****Which ancient civilization is credited with having a significant early development of surveying methods?**

A) Greeks, who focused on philosophy

B) Chinese, famed for inventions like gunpowder

C) Romans, known for military conquests

D) Egyptians, noted for their construction of the Great Pyramid with precise measurements

**D) Egyptians, noted for their construction of the Great Pyramid with precise measurements**

**3. ****What significant technological breakthrough in the late 18th century advanced the field of surveying?**

A) Invention of the compass for navigational purposes

B) Use of levers in building construction

C) Development of the transistor in electronics

D) Circle-dividing engine, enabling accurate angle measurement

**D) Circle-dividing engine, enabling accurate angle measurement**

**4. ****How did the Romans contribute to the advancement of surveying?**

A) Designing rudimentary electrical circuits

B) By using instruments like the groma to establish right angles

C) Applying steam engines to power machinery

D) Inventing telescopic lenses for long-distance viewing

**B) By using instruments like the groma to establish right angles**

**5. ****Which 20th-century technologies revolutionized surveying practices?**

A) Satellite-based geodetic surveys and electronic computations

B) Application of chemical diagnostics in materials testing

C) Introduction of hydraulic systems for lifting

D) The addition of pneumatic tools in excavation

**A) Satellite-based geodetic surveys and electronic computations**

**6. ****What is the main difference between plane surveying and geodetic surveying?**

A) Plane surveying involves spherical trigonometry, whereas geodetic surveying does not.

B) Geodetic surveying only measures small land areas, while plane surveying covers large areas.

C) Plane surveying neglects Earth’s curvature, while geodetic surveying accounts for it.

D) Plane surveying involves detailed altitude measurements, unlike geodetic surveying.

**C) Plane surveying neglects Earth’s curvature, while geodetic surveying accounts for it.**

**7. ****Which type of surveying is specifically concerned with the measurement of water bodies for navigation purposes?**

A) Land surveying

B) Astronomical surveying

C) Marine surveying

D) Geological surveying

**C) Marine surveying**

**8. ****When categorizing surveying based on the instruments used, which type does not belong to this category?**

A) Mine surveying

B) Chain surveying

C) Theodolite surveying

D) Compass surveying

**A) Mine surveying**

**9. ****Why are plane triangles used in plane surveying instead of spherical triangles?**

A) Plane triangles can measure elevation more accurately.

B) Plane triangles are used because Earth’s curvature effect is negligible over small areas.

C) Spherical triangles cannot be applied in land-based measurements.

D) Plane triangles require less computation than spherical triangles.

**B) Plane triangles are used because Earth’s curvature effect is negligible over small areas.**

**10. ****Which type of surveying is used to determine precise positions of control stations over large distances?**

A) Land surveying

B) Photographic surveying

C) Geodetic surveying

D) Astronomical surveying

**C) Geodetic surveying**

**11. ****Which of the following is a function of surveying in Geomatics engineering when it comes to creating maps?**

A) Designing electrical circuit diagrams

B) Developing software code structures

C) Creating contour maps for reservoir and route planning

D) Charting ocean navigation paths

**C) Creating contour maps for reservoir and route planning**

**12. ****In what way are cadastral maps used in applications of surveying?**

A) To outline ocean currents and marine life

B) To illustrate land boundaries and property details

C) To demonstrate digital marketing and sales strategies

D) To depict gravitational fields and energy waves

**B) To illustrate land boundaries and property details**

**13. ****In surveying, which of the following systems is characterized by subdividing a full circle into 400 grads?**

A) Sexagesimal System

B) Centesimal System

C) British Imperial System

D) Radian System

**B) Centesimal System**

**14. ****If a surveyor needs to convert 180 degrees into the centesimal system, what is the correct equivalent?**

A) 200 grads

B) 114.591 grads

C) 90 grads

D) 400 grads

**A) 200 grads**

**15. ****What is the primary advantage of using the centesimal system over the sexagesimal system in surveying?**

A) Higher measurement precision

B) Easier computation due to decimal subdivision

C) Better instrument compatibility

D) Longer history of use

**B) Easier computation due to decimal subdivision**

**16. ****Which unit in the foot-pound-second (FPS) system is equivalent to 5.5 yards?**

A) Chain

B) Furlong

C) Foot

D) Rod, pole, or perch

**D) Rod, pole, or perch**

**17. ****A full circle is how many radians according to the radian measure system?**

A) π radians

B) 2π radians

C) 360 radians

D) 63.662 radians

**B) 2π radians**

**18. ****In the context of survey measurement systems, which of the following best describes a difference between the sexagesimal system and the centesimal system?**

A) The sexagesimal system is only used in astronomical observations.

B) The centesimal system has subdivisions that are independent of the full circle division.

C) The sexagesimal system uses a base-10 division, unlike the centesimal system.

D) The sexagesimal system divides a circle into 360 degrees, while the centesimal divides it into 400 grads.

**D) The sexagesimal system divides a circle into 360 degrees, while the centesimal divides it into 400 grads.**

**19. ****Which unit conversion is NOT matched correctly based on metric and foot-pound-second (FPS) systems in surveying?**

A) 120 fathoms = 1 cable length

B) 1.852 kilometers = 1 nautical mile

C) 1000 cubic millimeters = 1 cubic centimeter

D) 6 feet = 1 cable length

**D) 6 feet = 1 cable length**

**20. ****How many centigrads correspond to one minute in the sexagesimal system?**

A) 1.1111 grads

B) 0.564 grads

C) 0.0185 grads

D) 0.324 grads

**C) 0.0185 grads**

**21. ****What is the primary advantage of the centesimal system over the sexagesimal system for angular measurements?**

A) Better integration with ancient surveying instruments.

B) Greater historical significance in surveying.

C) Easier computations and interpolation due to its decimal nature.

D) Higher accuracy in all measurement projects.

**C) Easier computations and interpolation due to its decimal nature.**

**22. ****In the metric system, which unit conversion is incorrect?**

A) 10 hectometres = 1 kilometre

B) 10 ares = 1 hectare

C) 1000 cubic centimetres = 1 cubic decimetre

D) 100 square metres = 1 are

**B) 10 ares = 1 hectare**

**23. ****What system is primarily used for angular measurement in surveying due to its historical significance and widespread use?**

A) Centesimal system

B) Sexagesimal system

C) Foot-Pound-Second system

D) Metric system

**B) Sexagesimal system**

**24. ****Which unit conversion accurately corresponds to 1 metre in the FPS system?**

A) 1.0936 yards

B) 3.2808 feet

C) 0.9144 yards

D) 39.37 inches

**A) 1.0936 yards**

**25. ****Which historical system of measurement is referred to as the Foot-Pound-Second system?**

A) Decimal System

B) Gravitational System

C) British Imperial System

D) Metric System

**C) British Imperial System**

**26. ****What is the equivalent in sq. meters for 1 acre using the FPS system’s conversion factors for areas?**

A) 119.6 sq. meters

B) 6400 sq. meters

C) 4046.9 sq. meters

D) 10000 sq. meters

**C) 4046.9 sq. meters**

**27. ****What is one main advantage of the Distance-Angle (Polar) Method in surveying?**

A) It requires measurements from only one control point.

B) It simplifies calculations using basic geometry.

C) It does not require direct sight lines.

D) It eliminates errors associated with angle observations.

**A) It requires measurements from only one control point.**

**28. ****What is a significant limitation of trilateration in surveying?**

A) Sensitive to angle measurement errors.

B) Requires clear lines of sight between all points.

C) Eliminates need for intersection methods.

D) Cannot be used for medium distances.

**B) Requires clear lines of sight between all points.**

**29. ****Which additional principle of surveying enhances reliability by employing redundant measurements and cross-checks?**

A) Balancing Accuracy and Cost

B) Consistent Instrument Use

C) Working from the Whole to the Part

D) Independent Check

**D) Independent Check**

**30. ****How does the principle of Appropriate Accuracy aid in optimizing survey resources?**

A) By eliminating the need for any precision adjustment.

B) By standardizing all survey processes regardless of task.

C) By tailoring the precision of surveys to project needs.

D) By using only manual measurement techniques.

**C) By tailoring the precision of surveys to project needs.**

**31. ****What is a major limitation of the Distance-Distance (DD) method in surveying when locating a new point?**

A) Weak geometry when too close to baseline

B) Requirement for angle measurements

C) Potential ambiguity with two possible intersection points

D) Necessity of vertical control points

**C) Potential ambiguity with two possible intersection points**

**32. ****Which method provides a check on measurements by requiring that distances between points form a valid triangle in surveying?**

A) Distance-Angle (Polar) Method

B) Perpendicular Offset Method

C) Angle-Angle (Intersection) Method

D) Trilateration

**D) Trilateration**

**33. ****Why is the principle of independent checking important in surveying practice?**

A) Prioritizes cost-effectiveness of surveying

B) It helps identify errors and validates results through multiple means.

C) Facilitates the use of a single measurement method

D) Ensures immediate data processing

**B) It helps identify errors and validates results through multiple means.**

**34. ****Which aspect of the Consistency of Work principle might involve using two-face readings for theodolites?**

A) Team Training and Protocol Adherence

B) Uniform Procedures

C) Data Recording and Processing

D) Standardize observational methods

**D) Standardize observational methods**

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